Wireshark User’s Guide

Version 2.9.0


Table of Contents

Preface
1. Foreword
2. Who should read this document?
3. Acknowledgements
4. About this document
5. Where to get the latest copy of this document?
6. Providing feedback about this document
7. Typographic Conventions
7.1. Admonitions
7.2. Shell Prompt and Source Code Examples
1. Introduction
1.1. What is Wireshark?
1.1.1. Some intended purposes
1.1.2. Features
1.1.3. Live capture from many different network media
1.1.4. Import files from many other capture programs
1.1.5. Export files for many other capture programs
1.1.6. Many protocol dissectors
1.1.7. Open Source Software
1.1.8. What Wireshark is not
1.2. System Requirements
1.2.1. Microsoft Windows
1.2.2. UNIX / Linux
1.3. Where to get Wireshark
1.4. A brief history of Wireshark
1.5. Development and maintenance of Wireshark
1.6. Reporting problems and getting help
1.6.1. Website
1.6.2. Wiki
1.6.3. Q&A Site
1.6.4. FAQ
1.6.5. Mailing Lists
1.6.6. Reporting Problems
1.6.7. Reporting Crashes on UNIX/Linux platforms
1.6.8. Reporting Crashes on Windows platforms
2. Building and Installing Wireshark
2.1. Introduction
2.2. Obtaining the source and binary distributions
2.3. Installing Wireshark under Windows
2.3.1. Installation Components
2.3.2. Additional Tasks
2.3.3. Install Location
2.3.4. Installing WinPcap
2.3.5. Windows installer command line options
2.3.6. Manual WinPcap Installation
2.3.7. Update Wireshark
2.3.8. Update WinPcap
2.3.9. Uninstall Wireshark
2.3.10. Uninstall WinPcap
2.4. Installing Wireshark under macOS
2.5. Building Wireshark from source under UNIX
2.6. Installing the binaries under UNIX
2.6.1. Installing from RPMs under Red Hat and alike
2.6.2. Installing from debs under Debian, Ubuntu and other Debian derivatives
2.6.3. Installing from portage under Gentoo Linux
2.6.4. Installing from packages under FreeBSD
2.7. Troubleshooting during the build and install on Unix
2.8. Building from source under Windows
3. User Interface
3.1. Introduction
3.2. Start Wireshark
3.3. The Main window
3.3.1. Main Window Navigation
3.4. The Menu
3.5. The “File” menu
3.6. The “Edit” Menu
3.7. The “View” Menu
3.8. The “Go” Menu
3.9. The “Capture” menu
3.10. The “Analyze” Menu
3.11. The “Statistics” Menu
3.12. The “Telephony” Menu
3.13. The “Tools” Menu
3.14. The “Internals” Menu
3.15. The “Help” Menu
3.16. The “Main” Toolbar
3.17. The “Filter” Toolbar
3.18. The “Packet List” Pane
3.19. The “Packet Details” Pane
3.20. The “Packet Bytes” Pane
3.21. The Statusbar
4. Capturing Live Network Data
4.1. Introduction
4.2. Prerequisites
4.3. Start Capturing
4.4. The “Capture Interfaces” dialog box
4.5. The “Capture Options” dialog box
4.5.1. Capture frame
4.5.2. Capture File(s) frame
4.5.3. Stop Capture…​ frame
4.5.4. Display Options frame
4.5.5. Name Resolution frame
4.5.6. Buttons
4.6. The “Edit Interface Settings” dialog box
4.7. The “Compile Results” dialog box
4.8. The “Add New Interfaces” dialog box
4.8.1. Add or remove pipes
4.8.2. Add or hide local interfaces
4.8.3. Add or hide remote interfaces
4.9. The “Remote Capture Interfaces” dialog box
4.9.1. Remote Capture Interfaces
4.9.2. Remote Capture Settings
4.10. The “Interface Details” dialog box
4.11. Capture files and file modes
4.12. Link-layer header type
4.13. Filtering while capturing
4.13.1. Automatic Remote Traffic Filtering
4.14. While a Capture is running …​
4.14.1. Stop the running capture
4.14.2. Restart a running capture
5. File Input, Output, and Printing
5.1. Introduction
5.2. Open capture files
5.2.1. The “Open Capture File” dialog box
5.2.2. Input File Formats
5.3. Saving captured packets
5.3.1. The “Save Capture File As” dialog box
5.3.2. Output File Formats
5.4. Merging capture files
5.4.1. The “Merge with Capture File” dialog box
5.5. Import hex dump
5.5.1. The “Import from Hex Dump” dialog box
5.6. File Sets
5.6.1. The “List Files” dialog box
5.7. Exporting data
5.7.1. The “Export as Plain Text File” dialog box
5.7.2. The “Export as PostScript File” dialog box
5.7.3. The “Export as CSV (Comma Separated Values) File” dialog box
5.7.4. The “Export as C Arrays (packet bytes) file” dialog box
5.7.5. The “Export as PSML File” dialog box
5.7.6. The “Export as PDML File” dialog box
5.7.7. The “Export selected packet bytes” dialog box
5.7.8. The “Export Objects” dialog box
5.8. Printing packets
5.8.1. The “Print” dialog box
5.9. The “Packet Range” frame
5.10. The Packet Format frame
6. Working with captured packets
6.1. Viewing packets you have captured
6.2. Pop-up menus
6.2.1. Pop-up menu of the “Packet List” column header
6.2.2. Pop-up menu of the “Packet List” pane
6.2.3. Pop-up menu of the “Packet Details” pane
6.3. Filtering packets while viewing
6.4. Building display filter expressions
6.4.1. Display filter fields
6.4.2. Comparing values
6.4.3. Combining expressions
6.4.4. Slice Operator
6.4.5. Membership Operator
6.4.6. Functions
6.4.7. A Common Mistake
6.5. The “Filter Expression” dialog box
6.6. Defining and saving filters
6.7. Defining and saving filter macros
6.8. Finding packets
6.8.1. The “Find Packet” dialog box
6.8.2. The “Find Next” command
6.8.3. The “Find Previous” command
6.9. Go to a specific packet
6.9.1. The “Go Back” command
6.9.2. The “Go Forward” command
6.9.3. The “Go to Packet” dialog box
6.9.4. The “Go to Corresponding Packet” command
6.9.5. The “Go to First Packet” command
6.9.6. The “Go to Last Packet” command
6.10. Marking packets
6.11. Ignoring packets
6.12. Time display formats and time references
6.12.1. Packet time referencing
7. Advanced Topics
7.1. Introduction
7.2. Following Protocol Streams
7.3. Show Packet Bytes
7.4. Expert Information
7.4.1. Expert Info Entries
7.4.2. “Expert Info” dialog
7.4.3. “Colorized” Protocol Details Tree
7.4.4. “Expert” Packet List Column (optional)
7.5. TCP Analysis
7.6. Time Stamps
7.6.1. Wireshark internals
7.6.2. Capture file formats
7.6.3. Accuracy
7.7. Time Zones
7.7.1. Set your computer’s time correctly!
7.7.2. Wireshark and Time Zones
7.8. Packet Reassembly
7.8.1. What is it?
7.8.2. How Wireshark handles it
7.8.3. TCP Reassembly
7.9. Name Resolution
7.9.1. Name Resolution drawbacks
7.9.2. Ethernet name resolution (MAC layer)
7.9.3. IP name resolution (network layer)
7.9.4. TCP/UDP port name resolution (transport layer)
7.9.5. VLAN ID resolution
7.9.6. SS7 point code resolution
7.10. Checksums
7.10.1. Wireshark checksum validation
7.10.2. Checksum offloading
8. Statistics
8.1. Introduction
8.2. The “Capture File Properties” Window
8.3. The “Protocol Hierarchy” Window
8.4. Conversations
8.4.1. The “Conversations” Window
8.5. Endpoints
8.5.1. The “Endpoints” Window
8.6. The “IO Graphs” Window
8.7. Service Response Time
8.7.1. The “Service Response Time DCE-RPC” Window
8.8. HTTP Statistics
8.8.1. HTTP Packet Counter
8.8.2. HTTP Requests
8.8.3. HTTP Load Distribution
8.8.4. HTTP Request Sequences
8.9. TCP Stream Graphs
8.10. Other Protocol-specific Statistics Windows
9. Telephony
9.1. Introduction
9.2. RTP Analysis
9.3. IAX2 Analysis
9.4. VoIP Calls
9.5. LTE MAC Traffic Statistics
9.6. LTE RLC Traffic Statistics
9.7. The protocol specific statistics windows
10. Wireless
10.1. Introduction
10.2. WLAN Traffic
11. Customizing Wireshark
11.1. Introduction
11.2. Start Wireshark from the command line
11.3. Packet colorization
11.4. Control Protocol dissection
11.4.1. The “Enabled Protocols” dialog box
11.4.2. User Specified Decodes
11.4.3. Show User Specified Decodes
11.5. Preferences
11.5.1. Interface Options
11.6. Configuration Profiles
11.7. User Table
11.8. Display Filter Macros
11.9. ESS Category Attributes
11.10. MaxMind Database Paths
11.11. IKEv2 decryption table
11.12. Object Identifiers
11.13. PRES Users Context List
11.14. SCCP users Table
11.15. SMI (MIB and PIB) Modules
11.16. SMI (MIB and PIB) Paths
11.17. SNMP Enterprise Specific Trap Types
11.18. SNMP users Table
11.19. Tektronix K12xx/15 RF5 protocols Table
11.20. User DLTs protocol table
12. MATE
12.1. Introduction
12.2. Getting Started
12.3. MATE Manual
12.3.1. Introduction
12.3.2. Attribute Value Pairs
12.3.3. AVP lists
12.3.4. MATE Analysis
12.3.5. About MATE
12.4. MATE’s configuration tutorial
12.4.1. A Gop for DNS requests
12.4.2. A Gop for HTTP requests
12.4.3. Getting DNS and HTTP together into a Gog
12.4.4. Separating requests from multiple users
12.5. MATE configuration examples
12.5.1. TCP session
12.5.2. a Gog for a complete FTP session
12.5.3. using RADIUS to filter SMTP traffic of a specific user
12.5.4. H323 Calls
12.5.5. MMS
12.6. MATE’s configuration library
12.6.1. General use protocols
12.6.2. VoIP/Telephony
12.7. MATE’s reference manual
12.7.1. Attribute Value Pairs
12.7.2. Attribute/Value Pair List (AVPL)
12.8. Configuration AVPLs
12.8.1. Pdsu’s configuration actions
A. Wireshark Messages
A.1. Packet List Messages
A.1.1. [Malformed Packet]
A.1.2. [Packet size limited during capture]
A.2. Packet Details Messages
A.2.1. [Response in frame: 123]
A.2.2. [Request in frame: 123]
A.2.3. [Time from request: 0.123 seconds]
A.2.4. [Stream setup by PROTOCOL (frame 123)]
B. Files and Folders
B.1. Capture Files
B.1.1. Libpcap File Contents
B.1.2. Not Saved in the Capture File
B.2. Configuration File and Plugin Folders
B.2.1. Folders on Windows
B.2.2. Folders on Unix-like systems
B.3. Configuration Files
B.4. Plugin folders
B.5. Windows folders
B.5.1. Windows profiles
B.5.2. Windows roaming profiles
B.5.3. Windows temporary folder
C. Protocols and Protocol Fields
D. Related command line tools
D.1. Introduction
D.2. tshark: Terminal-based Wireshark
D.3. tcpdump: Capturing with “tcpdump” for viewing with Wireshark
D.4. dumpcap: Capturing with “dumpcap” for viewing with Wireshark
D.5. capinfos: Print information about capture files
D.6. rawshark: Dump and analyze network traffic.
D.7. editcap: Edit capture files
D.8. mergecap: Merging multiple capture files into one
D.9. text2pcap: Converting ASCII hexdumps to network captures
D.10. reordercap: Reorder a capture file
13. This Document’s License (GPL)

List of Figures

1.1. Wireshark captures packets and lets you examine their contents.
3.1. The Main window
3.2. The Menu
3.3. The “File” Menu
3.4. The “Edit” Menu
3.5. The “View” Menu
3.6. The “Go” Menu
3.7. The “Capture” Menu
3.8. The “Analyze” Menu
3.9. The “Statistics” Menu
3.10. The “Telephony” Menu
3.11. The “Tools” Menu
3.12. The “Internals” Menu
3.13. The “Help” Menu
3.14. The “Main” toolbar
3.15. The “Filter” toolbar
3.16. The “Packet List” pane
3.17. The “Packet Details” pane
3.18. The “Packet Bytes” pane
3.19. The “Packet Bytes” pane with tabs
3.20. The initial Statusbar
3.21. The Statusbar with a loaded capture file
3.22. The Statusbar with a configuration profile menu
3.23. The Statusbar with a selected protocol field
3.24. The Statusbar with a display filter message
4.1. The “Capture Interfaces” dialog box on Microsoft Windows
4.2. The “Capture Interfaces” dialog box on Unix/Linux
4.3. The “Capture Options” dialog box
4.4. The “Edit Interface Settings” dialog box
4.5. The “Compile Results” dialog box
4.6. The “Add New Interfaces” dialog box
4.7. The “Add New Interfaces - Pipes” dialog box
4.8. The “Add New Interfaces - Local Interfaces” dialog box
4.9. The “Add New Interfaces - Remote Interfaces” dialog box
4.10. The “Remote Capture Interfaces” dialog box
4.11. The “Remote Capture Settings” dialog box
4.12. The “Interface Details” dialog box
4.13. Capture output options
4.14. The “Capture Information” dialog box
5.1. “Open” on Microsoft Windows
5.2. “Open” - Linux and UNIX
5.3. “Save” on Microsoft Windows
5.4. “Save” on Linux and UNIX
5.5. “Merge” on Microsoft Windows
5.6. “Merge” on Linux and UNIX
5.7. The “Import from Hex Dump” dialog
5.8. The “List Files” dialog box
5.9. The “Export as Plain Text File” dialog box
5.10. The “Export as PostScript File” dialog box
5.11. The “Export as PSML File” dialog box
5.12. The “Export as PDML File” dialog box
5.13. The “Export Selected Packet Bytes” dialog box
5.14. The “Export Objects” dialog box
5.15. The “Print” dialog box
5.16. The “Packet Range” frame
5.17. The “Packet Format” frame
6.1. Wireshark with a TCP packet selected for viewing
6.2. Viewing a packet in a separate window
6.3. Pop-up menu of the “Packet List” column header
6.4. Pop-up menu of the “Packet List” pane
6.5. Pop-up menu of the “Packet Details” pane
6.6. Filtering on the TCP protocol
6.7. The “Filter Expression” dialog box
6.8. The “Capture Filters” and “Display Filters” dialog boxes
6.9. The “Find Packet” dialog box
6.10. The “Go To Packet” dialog box
6.11. Wireshark showing a time referenced packet
7.1. The “Follow TCP Stream” dialog box
7.2. The “Expert Info” dialog box
7.3. The “Colorized” protocol details tree
7.4. The “Expert” packet list column
7.5. “TCP Analysis” packet detail items
7.6. The “Packet Bytes” pane with a reassembled tab
8.1. The “Capture File Properties” window
8.2. The “Protocol Hierarchy” Window
8.3. The “Conversations” window
8.4. The “Endpoints” window
8.5. The “IO Graphs” window
8.6. The “Compute DCE-RPC statistics” window
8.7. The “DCE-RPC Statistic for …​” window
8.8. The “HTTP Request Sequences” window
9.1. The “RTP Stream Analysis” window
9.2. The “LTE MAC Traffic Statistics” window
9.3. The “LTE RLC Traffic Statistics” window
10.1. The “WLAN Traffic Statistics” window
11.1. The “Coloring Rules” dialog box
11.2. A color chooser
11.3. Using color filters with Wireshark
11.4. The “Enabled Protocols” dialog box
11.5. The “Decode As” dialog box
11.6. The “Decode As: Show” dialog box
11.7. The preferences dialog box
11.8. The interface options dialog box
11.9. The configuration profiles dialog box

List of Tables

1. Typographic Conventions
3.1. Keyboard Navigation
3.2. File menu items
3.3. Edit menu items
3.4. View menu items
3.5. Go menu items
3.6. Capture menu items
3.7. Analyze menu items
3.8. Statistics menu items
3.9. Telephony menu items
3.10. Tools menu items
3.11. Internals menu items
3.12. Help menu items
3.13. Main toolbar items
3.14. Filter toolbar items
3.15. Related packet symbols
4.1. Capture file mode selected by capture options
6.1. The menu items of the “Packet List” column header pop-up menu
6.2. The menu items of the “Packet List” pop-up menu
6.3. The menu items of the “Packet Details” pop-up menu
6.4. Display Filter comparison operators
6.5. Display Filter Logical Operations
6.6. Display Filter Functions
7.1. Some example expert infos
7.2. Time zone examples for UTC arrival times (without DST)
B.1. Configuration files overview

List of Examples

4.1. A capture filter for telnet that captures traffic to and from a particular host
4.2. Capturing all telnet traffic not from 10.0.0.5
11.1. Help information available from Wireshark