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Wireshark-users: Re: [Wireshark-users] Help. I do not know much about anything.... Iam trying to

From: "Small, James" <[email protected]>
Date: Mon, 12 Feb 2007 08:49:26 -0500
Fantastic discussion--thanks for posting such detailed comments.

From: [email protected] [mailto:[email protected]] On Behalf Of Frank Bulk
Sent: Saturday, February 10, 2007 3:51 PM
To: 'Andreas Fink'; [email protected]
Subject: Re: [Wireshark-users] Help. I do not know much about anything.... Iam trying to see if a wireless connection between 2

Thanks for your detailed response.
I don't question the value of G.729, which has the largest installed base with the best trade-off in terms of voice quality and bandwidth.  But your previous statement said that most modern IP phones use G.729.  They may support it, but I don't think it's used.
To the best of my knowledge, PacketCable installations (of which there are over 2M in the U.S.) generally use G.711, as do most enterprise installations.  SpectraLink (being purchased by Polycom) does use APIC in their SRP.
G.729 will never have a higher MOS than G.711 in good links (http://www.ciscopress.com/articles/article.asp?p=606583&seqNum=4&rl=1), though if the link has a limited amount of bandwidth and/or is easily congested, G.729 will generally perform better because of its lower bandwidth needs.  G.711 would suffer excessive latency and/or packet loss, reducing MOS.
There are some wireless Skype phones that don't require a host PC, namely the:
- Edge-Core WM4201
- Netgear SPH101
- Belkin F1PP000GN-SK
- Accton SkyFone VM1185-T
- SMC Networks SMCWSKP100
- Logitec LAN-WSPH01WH
- Airwise Technology SkyAir DT 190204
- Linksys WIP320
- Buffalo WSKP-G
- RTX DUALphone 3088
Not all of these have gone to market, but they were announced in for or another.
See http://www.mtcnet.net/~fbulk/VoWLAN.doc (20 MB) for a more complete list of Vo-Fi phones.
Kind regards,
Frank Bulk

From: Andreas Fink [mailto:[email protected]] 
Sent: Saturday, February 10, 2007 2:17 PM
To: [email protected]; Community support list for Wireshark
Subject: Re: [Wireshark-users] Help. I do not know much about anything.... Iamtrying to see if a wireless connection between 2

On 10.02.2007, at 17:44, Frank Bulk wrote:

On what basis do you say that most modern IP phones use G.729?  Is there a certain class of IP phones (PacketCable, Vonage, 8x8, enterprise (Cisco, Avaya, etc), VoFi) that you had in mind?

G.729 is one of the best codecs when it comes to efficiency and providing excellent quality. For software implementations its a bit problematic because of patent issues. The hardware versions don't have this because you simply buy chips which do G.729 and youre done because the chips vendor has a license for G.729 and they usually do much bigger volumes than a small software company developing a soft phone.

If you compare the different codecs out there:
G.726 ADPCM is also good but doesnt compress so much so uses quite a bit of bandwith. Perfect choice for "a little bit of compression but not too much".
G.711 dont compress and waste a lot of bandwith (80kbps)
GSM codec is popular on soft phones and open source because its free to use (even there are patents about it).
G.728 is not so good in quality and not so efficient than G.729 but less CPU intensive.
G.723 is the one which compresses most (as low as 5.3kbps without IP headers) but its clearly audible and quality is not considered very good. But useful for applications where minimizing the  bandwidth is more important than quality.

>From the experience with IP phones, especially WiFi IP phones, we learned that those people who care about quality and provide phones which actually work (there's unfortunately a lot of crap out there too), they usually implement G.726, G.729, GSM and of course G.711 a-law and G.711 µ-law for the guys with tons of bandwidth available.

The Cisco IP phones (Desk phones) as far as I know do G.711 and G.726. UTS Starcom does G.711, G726 and G.729. The Hitachi WiFi Phones WIP3000 and WIP5000A do G.711, G.729 and GSM.  Asterisk, the open source PABX does G.711, G.729 (not for free), GSM and I think also G.726 and a few other codecs. The Grandstream phone adapters also do G.729

I wont mention any "fake" wireless IP phones like the wireless Skype phones. Those are nothing else than a microphone and a loudspeaker connected to the computer and all the processing is done on the computer. So you get whatever codec the soft phone has and the phone is just dumb. I prefer real WiFi phones like the Hitachi Cable WIP 5000A which you can use on any accesspoint and just work. And I prefer G.729 because its excellent quality.

Just my personal opinion...

Andreas Fink
Global Networks Schweiz AG
Tel: +41-61-6666333 Fax: +41-61-6666331  Mobile: +41-79-2457333
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