Wireshark-dev: [Wireshark-dev] Wireshark decoding error- protocol DNS - section Flags for AD an
From: März, Frank <[email protected]>
Date: Fri, 11 Apr 2008 12:29:28 +0200
Title: Nachricht
Hello Wireshark Expert,
 
I think I have found a problem within Wireshark while decoding two bits within the DNS protocol. The problem can be seen in all Wireshark version I tried up to 1.0.0 on several OS. Wireshark fails to decode the Flags section for the bit AD and CD.
 
Details are in:

RFC2535 - 6.1 The AD and CD Header Bits
 
                               1  1  1  1  1  1
             0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  0  1  2  3  4  5
            +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
            |                      ID                       |
            +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
            |QR|   Opcode  |AA|TC|RD|RA| Z|AD|CD|   RCODE   |
            +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
            |                    QDCOUNT                    |
            +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
            |                    ANCOUNT                    |
            +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
            |                    NSCOUNT                    |
            +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
            |                    ARCOUNT                    |
            +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
 
 
This is the trace in text format:
 
 

No.     Time        Source                Destination           Protocol Info

     50 41.833438   193.254.142.169       213.162.74.3          DNS      Standard query A web.mnc007.mcc232.gprs

 

Frame 50 (93 bytes on wire, 93 bytes captured)

Ethernet II, Src: 00:00:00_00:00:00 (00:00:00:00:00:00), Dst: 69:31:65:74:68:34 (69:31:65:74:68:34)

Internet Protocol, Src: 193.254.142.169 (193.254.142.169), Dst: 213.162.74.3 (213.162.74.3)

User Datagram Protocol, Src Port: 35211 (35211), Dst Port: domain (53)

Domain Name System (query)

    [Response In: 59]

    Transaction ID: 0xcf13

    Flags: 0x0110 (Standard query)

        0... .... .... .... = Response: Message is a query

        .000 0... .... .... = Opcode: Standard query (0)

        .... ..0. .... .... = Truncated: Message is not truncated

        .... ...1 .... .... = Recursion desired: Do query recursively

        .... .... .0.. .... = Z: reserved (0)

        .... .... ..X. .... = AD: missing

        .... .... ...1 .... = CD: Non-authenticated data OK: Non-authenticated data is acceptable

    Questions: 1

    Answer RRs: 0

    Authority RRs: 0

    Additional RRs: 1

    Queries

    Additional records

 

0000  69 31 65 74 68 34 00 00 00 00 00 00 08 00 45 00   i1eth4........E.

0010  00 4f e4 a8 40 00 fd 11 28 a7 c1 fe 8e a9 d5 a2   [email protected](.......

0020  4a 03 89 8b 00 35 00 3b db 2f cf 13 01 10 00 01   J....5.;./......

0030  00 00 00 00 00 01 03 77 65 62 06 6d 6e 63 30 30   .......web.mnc00

0040  37 06 6d 63 63 32 33 32 04 67 70 72 73 00 00 01   7.mcc232.gprs...

0050  00 01 00 00 29 10 00 00 00 80 00 00 00            ....)........

 

No.     Time        Source                Destination           Protocol Info

     57 41.854500   213.162.74.3          193.254.142.169       DNS      Standard query response A 213.162.74.125 A 213.162.74.126

 

Frame 57 (167 bytes on wire, 167 bytes captured)

Ethernet II, Src: 00:00:00_00:00:00 (00:00:00:00:00:00), Dst: 69:31:65:74:68:31 (69:31:65:74:68:31)

Internet Protocol, Src: 213.162.74.3 (213.162.74.3), Dst: 193.254.142.169 (193.254.142.169)

User Datagram Protocol, Src Port: domain (53), Dst Port: 35211 (35211)

Domain Name System (response)

    [Request In: 53]

    [Time: 0.021033000 seconds]

    Transaction ID: 0xcf13

    Flags: 0x8590 (Standard query response, No error)

        1... .... .... .... = Response: Message is a response

        .000 0... .... .... = Opcode: Standard query (0)

        .... .1.. .... .... = Authoritative: Server is an authority for domain

        .... ..0. .... .... = Truncated: Message is not truncated

        .... ...1 .... .... = Recursion desired: Do query recursively

        .... .... 1... .... = Recursion available: Server can do recursive queries

        .... .... .0.. .... = Z: reserved (0)

        .... .... ..0. .... = AD: missing

        .... .... ...1 .... = CD: Answer authenticated: Answer/authority portion was not authenticated by the server

 

        .... .... .... 0000 = Reply code: No error (0)

    Questions: 1

    Answer RRs: 2

    Authority RRs: 1

    Additional RRs: 2

    Queries

    Answers

    Authoritative nameservers

    Additional records

 

0000  69 31 65 74 68 31 00 00 00 00 00 00 08 00 45 00   i1eth1........E.

0010  00 99 d5 6c 40 00 f9 11 3b 99 d5 a2 4a 03 c1 fe   [email protected];...J...

0020  8e a9 00 35 89 8b 00 85 e5 d0 cf 13 85 90 00 01   ...5............

0030  00 02 00 01 00 02 03 77 65 62 06 6d 6e 63 30 30   .......web.mnc00

0040  37 06 6d 63 63 32 33 32 04 67 70 72 73 00 00 01   7.mcc232.gprs...

0050  00 01 c0 0c 00 01 00 01 00 00 02 58 00 04 d5 a2   ...........X....

0060  4a 7d c0 0c 00 01 00 01 00 00 02 58 00 04 d5 a2   J}.........X....

0070  4a 7e c0 10 00 02 00 01 00 00 02 58 00 0e 0b 44   J~.........X...D

0080  4e 53 2d 31 2d 4e 65 74 2d 41 c0 10 c0 54 00 01   NS-1-Net-A...T..

0090  00 01 00 00 02 58 00 04 d5 a2 4a 03 00 00 29 10   .....X....J...).

00a0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00  

 

                            .......

 

 

In the DNS request the AD: bit information is missing at all. In the DNS response the AD: bit is present, the CD: bit is missing and the text for CD: is linked to the AD: bit.

 

I will attach a trace with both massage in pcap format and text format. Sorry I don't know C so I can not fix the source code myself.

 

Please let me know if I you need any more details.

 

Best reagrds,

 

Frank

 

 

 

RFC2535 - 6.1 The AD and CD Header Bits

 
   Two previously unused bits are allocated out of the DNS
   query/response format header. The AD (authentic data) bit indicates
   in a response that all the data included in the answer and authority
   portion of the response has been authenticated by the server
   according to the policies of that server. The CD (checking disabled)
   bit indicates in a query that Pending (non-authenticated) data is
   acceptable to the resolver sending the query.
 
   These bits are allocated from the previously must-be-zero Z field as
   follows:
 
                                           1  1  1  1  1  1
             0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  0  1  2  3  4  5
            +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
            |                      ID                       |
            +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
            |QR|   Opcode  |AA|TC|RD|RA| Z|AD|CD|   RCODE   |
            +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
            |                    QDCOUNT                    |
            +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
            |                    ANCOUNT                    |
            +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
            |                    NSCOUNT                    |
            +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
            |                    ARCOUNT                    |
            +--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+--+
 
   These bits are zero in old servers and resolvers.  Thus the responses
   of old servers are not flagged as authenticated to security aware
   resolvers and queries from non-security aware resolvers do not assert
   the checking disabled bit and thus will be answered by security aware
   servers only with Authenticated or Insecure data. Security aware
   resolvers MUST NOT trust the AD bit unless they trust the server they
   are talking to and either have a secure path to it or use DNS
   transaction security.
 
   Any security aware resolver willing to do cryptography SHOULD assert
   the CD bit on all queries to permit it to impose its own policies and
   to reduce DNS latency time by allowing security aware servers to
   answer with Pending data.
 
   Security aware servers MUST NOT return Bad data.  For non-security
   aware resolvers or security aware resolvers requesting service by
   having the CD bit clear, security aware servers MUST return only
   Authenticated or Insecure data in the answer and authority sections
   with the AD bit set in the response. Security aware servers SHOULD
   return Pending data, with the AD bit clear in the response, to
   security aware resolvers requesting this service by asserting the CD
   bit in their request.  The AD bit MUST NOT be set on a response
   unless all of the RRs in the answer and authority sections of the
   response are either Authenticated or Insecure.  The AD bit does not
   cover the additional information section.

T-Mobile Deutschland GmbH
Aufsichtsrat: Hamid Akhavan (Vorsitzender)
Geschäftsführung: Philipp Humm (Sprecher), Thomas Berlemann, Stefan Homeister, Dr. Peter Körner, Günther Ottendorfer, Dr. Raphael Kübler, Dr. Steffen Roehn
Handelsregister: Amtsgericht Bonn, HRB 59 19
Sitz der Gesellschaft: Bonn
WEEE-Reg.-Nr.: DE60800328


Attachment: dns_flags_CD_bit.pcap
Description: dns_flags_CD_bit.pcap

No.     Time        Source                Destination           Protocol Info
     50 41.833438   193.254.142.169       213.162.74.3          DNS      Standard query A web.mnc007.mcc232.gprs

Frame 50 (93 bytes on wire, 93 bytes captured)
Ethernet II, Src: 00:00:00_00:00:00 (00:00:00:00:00:00), Dst: 69:31:65:74:68:34 (69:31:65:74:68:34)
Internet Protocol, Src: 193.254.142.169 (193.254.142.169), Dst: 213.162.74.3 (213.162.74.3)
User Datagram Protocol, Src Port: 35211 (35211), Dst Port: domain (53)
Domain Name System (query)
    [Response In: 59]
    Transaction ID: 0xcf13
    Flags: 0x0110 (Standard query)
        0... .... .... .... = Response: Message is a query
        .000 0... .... .... = Opcode: Standard query (0)
        .... ..0. .... .... = Truncated: Message is not truncated
        .... ...1 .... .... = Recursion desired: Do query recursively
        .... .... .0.. .... = Z: reserved (0)
        .... .... ...1 .... = Non-authenticated data OK: Non-authenticated data is acceptable
    Questions: 1
    Answer RRs: 0
    Authority RRs: 0
    Additional RRs: 1
    Queries
    Additional records

0000  69 31 65 74 68 34 00 00 00 00 00 00 08 00 45 00   i1eth4........E.
0010  00 4f e4 a8 40 00 fd 11 28 a7 c1 fe 8e a9 d5 a2   [email protected](.......
0020  4a 03 89 8b 00 35 00 3b db 2f cf 13 01 10 00 01   J....5.;./......
0030  00 00 00 00 00 01 03 77 65 62 06 6d 6e 63 30 30   .......web.mnc00
0040  37 06 6d 63 63 32 33 32 04 67 70 72 73 00 00 01   7.mcc232.gprs...
0050  00 01 00 00 29 10 00 00 00 80 00 00 00            ....)........
No.     Time        Source                Destination           Protocol Info
     57 41.854500   213.162.74.3          193.254.142.169       DNS      Standard query response A 213.162.74.125 A 213.162.74.126

Frame 57 (167 bytes on wire, 167 bytes captured)
Ethernet II, Src: 00:00:00_00:00:00 (00:00:00:00:00:00), Dst: 69:31:65:74:68:31 (69:31:65:74:68:31)
Internet Protocol, Src: 213.162.74.3 (213.162.74.3), Dst: 193.254.142.169 (193.254.142.169)
User Datagram Protocol, Src Port: domain (53), Dst Port: 35211 (35211)
Domain Name System (response)
    [Request In: 53]
    [Time: 0.021033000 seconds]
    Transaction ID: 0xcf13
    Flags: 0x8590 (Standard query response, No error)
        1... .... .... .... = Response: Message is a response
        .000 0... .... .... = Opcode: Standard query (0)
        .... .1.. .... .... = Authoritative: Server is an authority for domain
        .... ..0. .... .... = Truncated: Message is not truncated
        .... ...1 .... .... = Recursion desired: Do query recursively
        .... .... 1... .... = Recursion available: Server can do recursive queries
        .... .... .0.. .... = Z: reserved (0)
        .... .... ..0. .... = Answer authenticated: Answer/authority portion was not authenticated by the server
        .... .... .... 0000 = Reply code: No error (0)
    Questions: 1
    Answer RRs: 2
    Authority RRs: 1
    Additional RRs: 2
    Queries
    Answers
    Authoritative nameservers
    Additional records

0000  69 31 65 74 68 31 00 00 00 00 00 00 08 00 45 00   i1eth1........E.
0010  00 99 d5 6c 40 00 f9 11 3b 99 d5 a2 4a 03 c1 fe   [email protected];...J...
0020  8e a9 00 35 89 8b 00 85 e5 d0 cf 13 85 90 00 01   ...5............
0030  00 02 00 01 00 02 03 77 65 62 06 6d 6e 63 30 30   .......web.mnc00
0040  37 06 6d 63 63 32 33 32 04 67 70 72 73 00 00 01   7.mcc232.gprs...
0050  00 01 c0 0c 00 01 00 01 00 00 02 58 00 04 d5 a2   ...........X....
0060  4a 7d c0 0c 00 01 00 01 00 00 02 58 00 04 d5 a2   J}.........X....
0070  4a 7e c0 10 00 02 00 01 00 00 02 58 00 0e 0b 44   J~.........X...D
0080  4e 53 2d 31 2d 4e 65 74 2d 41 c0 10 c0 54 00 01   NS-1-Net-A...T..
0090  00 01 00 00 02 58 00 04 d5 a2 4a 03 00 00 29 10   .....X....J...).
00a0  00 00 00 00 00 00 00                              .......